The Role of Industrial and Organizational Psychology in the Workplace
Anyone who has ever held a job can tell you that the office can sometimes be a stressful and even volatile environment. From entry-level to C-level, the interpersonal relationships in the workplace and dynamics created by organizational structure affect every single employee within a company. Most businesses and organizations strive to maintain a healthy work environment and ensure a company is operating at peak productivity. Industrial and organizational psychologists are oftentimes brought in to help achieve these goals.
Industrial and organizational psychology, sometimes called ‘I/O psychology’ or ‘work psychology,’ is two-pronged: it is the study of both a workplace’s environment and the employees who work there. Because one can’t exist without the other, the industrial and organizational components are typically studied individually and then compared before recommendations are made.
This area within industrial and organizational psychology takes a close look at employees and their relationship to a given work environment. Elements such as job satisfaction, performance and evaluation methods are measured. Employee safety and OSHA standards are considered, as are employee training and hiring techniques. From a historical standpoint, industrial psychology was introduced during World War I. This type of psychology was used to pair soldiers with the tasks and assignments for which they were best suited.
The organizational side of the industrial and organizational psychology dynamic focuses on the workplace more holistically. The goal of analyzing any given work environment from an organizational standpoint is almost always to increase productivity and efficiency among employees. Do certain policies within the office produce a negative reaction among employees that in turn affects productivity and overall behavior while at work? This is a question a psychologist tasked with analyzing the organizational aspects of a company might ask.
What does an Industrial/Organizational Psychologist do Within a Workplace?
The goal of most I/O psychologists is to increase productivity within a workplace by making it a better place to work. They go about this by interviewing and counseling employees, observing employee/employer interactions, helping rewrite company policies and procedures to benefit both the employee pool and the company officials, develop targeted hiring procedures for new employees and other methods.
Practicalities and Salary Information for Potential I/O Psychologists
I/O Psychology is gaining a lot of traction in the business world because of its positive effects on work environments across the board. It’s an attractive field of study for students interested in psychology, primarily due to its interdisciplinary “business + psychology” slant.
Like other careers in psychology, I/O psychologists must hold advanced degrees to become competitive in their field because there are limited opportunities for I/O psychologists holding only bachelor’s degrees. Master’s degrees open the door to entry-level positions, but those with doctoral degrees will have the best advantage.
The Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology reports than an I/O psychologist with a master’s degree can expect a starting annual wage of about $38,750. Those with Ph.D.’s can expect to earn closer to $55,000 per year. While salaries for those in this occupation will vary based on location, the company for which they work, their level of experience and other factors, those who work for large organizations over the course of several years can expect to see their salaries grow to upwards of $80,000 per year.
- What You’ll Earn: Salaries in Health and Human Services
- Things to Consider When You Are Getting An MBA
- Psychology: Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science?
- Interested in Becoming a Psychologist?
- 5 Career Paths for Public Health Degree Graduates
- Five Traits of a Good Leader
- Health Care Administration Careers
- What is Dispute Resolution
- Post-graduation options: Where can I work with a bachelor of science in health sciences and health care administration?
- The Role of Industrial and Organizational Psychology in the Workplace
- A Day in the Life of a Healthcare Administrator
- What is the Role of an Organizational Psychologist?
- Steps to Becoming a Healthcare Administrator
- How Do I Become a Marriage and Family Therapist?
- A Day in the Life of a Social Worker
- Jobs in Psychology
- Career Profile: Nursing Home Administrator
- Defining Conflict Management
- Social Work Code of Ethics
- What Can I Do with a Health Sciences Degree
- Unique Social Work Careers
- Career Profile: Health Educator
- Marriage and Family Therapists: Salary Potential and Career Growth
- Are You Well-Suited for a Career in Human Services?
- Should I Get a Doctoral Degree?
- Social Workers and Marriage and Family Therapists
- Options for Associate Degree Graduates
- What Degree Should I Get?
- Liberal Studies vs General Studies
- Human Resource Management Degree
- Steps to Becoming a Psychologist
- What Does An Educational Psychologist Do?
- 5 Types of Therapists
- General Studies Degree Career Possiblities
- 4 Types of Therapy for Mental Health and Well-Being
- Top 4 Careers in Public Health
- Careers in Industrial & Organizational Psychology
- Is A General Studies Degree Worth It?
- Top 5 Jobs: Industrial and Organizational Psychology
- What Is A Human Resources Manager?
- Tackling Nonprofit Fundraising
- A Day in the Life of a Financial Analyst
- 5 Ways to Define Good Communication
- How Do I Become an Accountant?
- Fortune 500 Companies in California
- Communication Skills in the Workplace
- 5 Qualities of a Good Manager
- MBA Specializations
- How to Become a Family Therapist
- What Can You Do With an MBA?
- What is a Human Resource Manager
- What Do I Need to Become a Psychologist?
- Is Earning an MBA Worth the Effort?